To set up your Cisco router, first, you need to connect the router to the PC using the console cable. After connecting the router to PC, identify the router’s interfaces, and configure the IP addresses. Now, start setting up the access lists and configure the basic TCP/UDP/ICMP inspection options. Perform the other required tasks and finish the router setup process.


  • To set up your Cisco router, follow the instructions given below.
  • Get a Console cable to connect the router to your computer.
  • After that, start the terminal emulation program.
  • Begin the emulation program by typing the enable command in the terminal program field.
  • Click the Enter button and type the erase startup-config command.
  • After that, reboot your Cisco router, and click the No button in the IOS field.
  • Now, identify the router’s interfaces by looking at the back of the Cisco router.
  • After identifying the routers interface details, start configuring the IP address of the router.
  • Type the commands as given below on the terminal program screen, configure terminal
  • Click the Enter button and type,
  • no ip domain lookup
  • The above command will prevent you from the IOS.
  • Now your router is ready for the LAN interface IP address set up.
  • Type the below command to begin the configuration mode, interface
  • Next, set up the access list and configure the basic TCP/UDP/ICMP inspection in the inbound and outbound directions.
  • Begin with the TCP SYN set up using the command: ‘Ip tcp synwait- time 30’
  • After that, set up an inspection rule for each ICMP, TCP, and UDP ports.
  • Type the commands provided below to perform it.
    • ip inspect name InsectRule icmp
    • ip inspect name InsectRule tcp
    • ip inspect name InsectRule udp
  • iNow apply the access list and the inspection rules to the inbound and outbound directions.
  • iLog in to the configuration mode using the commands:
    • iInterface FastEthernet4
    • iip access-group 101 in
  • After that, apply the inspection rule: ip insect InsectRule in
    • Finally, exit form the interface configuration mode by typing the below command ‘exit.’
    • Next, set up the NAT feature to interchange the address between the internal and public internet.
  • Use the command given below to perform it,
    • iip access-list standard 10
    • ipermit
    • ideny any
    • iexit
  • iNext, enable the interfaces and disable the STP option.
  • iTo enable the interface using the command given below,
    • iinterface FastEhernet4
    • ino shutdown
    • iexit
  • Now, test your configuration using the below command
  • copy running - config startup - config
  • Enter the command to output a copy of the configuration created on the screen.
  • That’s it your Cisco router set up process is done successfully.


To log into the Cisco router, first, you need to open a web browser on your system. Type the IP address of the Cisco router in the search field and tap the Enter button on your keyboard. Now the official login page of the Cisco router will open. Enter your username and password in the required fields and click the Login button. Now you are successfully logged into the Cisco router account.

How to login to Cisco router

Cisco router default password

Cisco router configuration

Make sure to install the required software for configuration. You need to configure the IP address, static and dynamic routing, secret passwords, etc for the Cisco router. Follow the steps to configure a Cisco router using Cisco Configuration Professional (Cisco CP). Use the Help option in the Cisco CP to know more information about router configuration.

How to configure Cisco router

  • From the official of the Cisco router, download Cisco CP V2.5 file and install it on your system.
  • Now, open the Cisco Configuration Professional window on your desktop.
  • Select the Community that includes your router.
  • Connect your device to the router using Telnet, SSH, or console.
  • Enable the global configuration mode.
  • Use Cisco IOS Software commands to enable HTTP or HTTPS. If you have already enabled HTTP, you can skip this step.
  • Create a user profile with a privilege level of 15.
  • To local login, configure SSH and Telnet.
  • To support the log monitoring function, enable local logging. It is an optional step, you can skip this step if you don’t want the function.

Follow the steps to configure static routing.

  • On the Cisco Home page, click Configure followed by Router. Select the Static and Dynamic Routing Option.
  • Click Add, provide your router’s IP address, and choose either Outgoing Interface or Next Hop.
  • Click OK to open the Static Routing window. This window gives the configuration information.

Follow the steps to configure dynamic routing.

  • This time, you need to select the RIP option from the Static and Dynamic routing menu.
  • Click Edit at the bottom of the Routing screen to open the dynamic routing window.
  • Mark the Enable RIP option and then select Version 2. Click the Add tab,
  • Enter the network address in the Add a network dialog box and click the OK option.
  • Click OK when the Edit IP Dynamic Routing window appears on the screen.
  • To transfer the commands to your router, select the Deliver option.
  • Finally, the Dynamic routing configuration information will appear on the screen.

Reset Cisco router

  • Follow the instructions to reset the Cisco router using the reset button.
  • Ensure that your router is turned off.
  • Plug the power cord to your Cisco router and connect its other end to the power source.
  • While turning on theCisco router, hold the Reset button for 10-15 seconds.
  • Release the Reset button. The router reboots.
  • To confirm the router reboot, observe the lights on the router. The light should be solid or blink in a repeated pattern.
  • Wait till the router completes rebooting.
  • Turn off your router. Your router is now reset to factory defaults.

Follow the instructions to reset router using the router commands.

  • After turning off your router, plug the power cord to your router and the power source.
  • Also, connect your laptop to the router using the console cable.
  • Press and hold the Reset button while powering up your router.
  • Wait for 5-10 minutes till the router reboots.
  • The light in the router will blink in a repeating pattern. Once the reboot is over, open the Terminal Emulator program on your laptop.
  • Enter the correct commands in the router CLI to erase the existing configuration and reload the factory-default configuration. You can refer to the user guide or official site to know the commands.
  • Once the completion message appears on the screen, close the terminal emulator program.
  • Turn off your router.



  • The initial step of the password modification procedure is to check if the router and computer are connected via a wired or wireless network.
  • Launch the frequently used web browser and go to the search bar. Specify and press the Enter button.
  • On the Router Login screen, enter the Username as cusadmin and the Password as password. If you have modified the password, then enter those credentials.
  • Click the login button and select the Setup tab from the top part of the screen.
  • Under the Quick Setup tab, search for the Pre-Shared Key option. Highlight the checkbox near the Show Key option. Your Wi-Fi password will be displayed.
  • Delete the characters present in that field and type the new credentials. Make sure it is strong.
  • Click the Save Settings option to save the new password.
  • Now, connect the other devices to your router using the new password.


  • First, turn off the Cisco router and remove the compact flash available on the rear side of the router.
  • Switch on the Cisco router and insert the compact flash once the router enters the Rommon mode.
  • Open the Command Prompt and key in Confreg 0*2142 when the Rommon>1 prompt appears.
  • Wait patiently till the router reboots. Press the Ctrl and C buttons together to get through the initial setup process.
  • When the Router prompt appears, type Enable.
  • Next, type Configure Memory to make a copy of the RAM contents. Specify Show Running-Config to view the router configuration.
  • Key in Configure Terminal and then type Enable Secret in the Hostname prompt.
  • Make sure you give the No Shutdown command for each of the interfaces. Exit the Configuration Mode by pressing the Ctrl and Z keys.
  • Save the changes by typing the Write Memory command.


  • Follow the below-given steps to monitor the bandwidth usage of your Cisco router.
  • Make use of the IP address of the Cisco router to access the web management page of the router.
  • Use the credentials you know to log into your Cisco router. Go to the Advanced tab and select the Traffic Meter option.
  • The Bandwidth-Monitoring page will appear next on your system. Navigate to the Statistic section and click the Refresh button. Your statistics will be upgraded in a few seconds.
  • You can set a particular bandwidth usage cap by highlighting the checkbox near the Enable option under Meter section.
  • Tap the Apply button to save bandwidth usage.


  • You can view the Tunnel Status using the procedure given below.
  • Turn on your system and launch the Command Prompt.
  • Make use of the Show Interface command to view the status of the tunnel.
  • Type Router1#show interface Tunnel5 and tap Enter.
  • To know if your tunnel is active, you have to use the Ping test. It will transmit the ICMP packets to the destination IP Address via the tunnel.


  • You can secure the wireless router using the WPA Wireless Security available for your Cisco router.
  • Key in the Cisco router’s IP Address in the search bar of the web browser.
  • Sign into the web utility page of the router using the correct credentials.
  • Navigate to the Wireless tab and choose the Wireless security option.
  • Search for the Security Mode section and spot the WPA-Preshared Key field under it.
  • In the WPA Algorithms field, you have to select the TKIP option from the drop-down list.
  • Enter the new password or security key in the WPA Shared Key textbox.
  • Tap the Save Settings button. Connect to the router using the modified password.


Your Cisco router might sometimes face issues that have to be rectified. In such cases, you can use the troubleshooting guidelines given here to solve the problems.


There are two approaches to reset a Cisco router. Make use of any one of the method.


  • Attach the power cord between the Cisco router and the wall power supply.
  • Search for the Reset button in the rear part of the router.
  • Once you find the Reset button, press and hold it for at least 10 seconds.
  • After you release the button, the reset process will begin. Wait patiently for 10 minutes, and the procedure will be complete.
  • The Cisco router will go back to its default configuration.


  • This procedure involves the use of a few commands. Make use of a console cable to connect the computer and the router.
  • Turn on the Cisco router and wait for 10 minutes. Once the booting process is complete, you have to launch the terminal on your system.
  • The proceeding step is to access the Command Line Interface of the Cisco router.
  • Type the following:
    • Enable
    • Write Erase
    • Reload
    • No
    • No
  • These commands have to be typed one after the other. Press the enter key once you type each of the command specified above.
  • Wait patiently until the Completion message appears on the CLI. Close the terminal and switch off the Cisco router.
  • Your Cisco router is now reset.


  • If your Cisco router is not working, then check the power adapter that you have used to connect it to the power supply.
  • Change the power adapter if it is not working properly.
  • Check for any Cisco router updates. If they are available, then install it using the prompts displayed.
  • Reset the Cisco router using the Reset button or command-line interface.
  • Now, check if your Cisco router is broadcasting an SSID or not. If it is not, then you have to buy a new router.
  • Get help from our technical team to sort out these issues.


  • You can change the password of your Cisco router by two methods.
  • You can make use of any of the wen interface or command-line interface method to change the password.
  • The guidelines given below are for the web interface method.
  • Ensure that you know the router’s username and password. First, enter the IP Address of the Cisco router in the browser’s search bar.
  • In the Sign In pop-up window, enter the correct credentials. Tap the Sign In button.
  • Once you log in, you have to select the Wireless tab and then choose the Wireless Security option.
  • Under Security Mode, click the WPA-Preshared Key option from the drop-down list.
  • Choose the TKIP option under the WPA Algorithms menu. Type in the new password in the WPA Shared Key field.
  • Click the Save Settings option.